Thanks so much for your thoughtful comments. It is wonderful to hear from someone who is closer to all of that research, as you just learned it! I agree that the texts you mention are wonderful, but it is like many things in academia: what we learn is just a starting point. When you start actually working with people, one has to refine what works for them. In my experience, the oppression of certain groups is certainly traumatic, and we need to proceed with sensitivity and caution. Being mindful is key.
Thanks again for reading and commenting!
Wojcicki went on to explain that arguments about whether women are suited for leadership or tech roles were loaded attempts at justifying the way women in tech are treated. On numerous occasions, she recalled, she was left out of “key industry events and social gatherings,” had external leaders disregard her in favor of more junior male colleagues, and even heard her own ideas “ignored until they were rephrased by men.” The memo author, she further noted, attempted to justify his views through science — but she argued, citing a LinkedIn post by psychologist and author Adam Grant , that science has shown his claims say more about stereotypes in culture than they do about biology.
Land Tenure and Property. Land ownership is a controversial issue in Malaysia. Following the rubber boom the British colonial government, eager to placate the Malay population, designated portions of land as Malay reservations. Since this land could only be sold to other Malays, planters and speculators were limited in what they could purchase. Malay reserve land made ethnicity a state concern because land disputes could only be settled with a legal definition of who was considered Malay. These land tenure arrangements are still in effect and are crucial to Malay identity. In fact the Malay claim to political dominance is that they are bumiputera (sons of the soil). Similar struggles exist in east Malaysia, where the land rights of indigenous groups are bitterly disputed with loggers eager to harvest the timber for export. Due to their different colonial heritage, indigenous groups in Sarawak and Sabah have been less successful in maintaining their territorial claims.